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          Color Knowledge
        • Do You Know the Meaning of Color Value?

        • The value of the color is represented by the international used color space such as LAB, LCH, RGB, XYZ, YXY,etc. LAB is the most commonly used.
          CIE1976 L*a*b* color space is mainly used for paint, building material ,coating and other other surface color industries. It is also called CIELAB.L * is the brightness coordinate, which characterizes the brightness of the color.a * b * is the color coordinates, which characterizes the color tone and saturation. Please refer to figure.

          L represents brightness. 0-100 represents from black to white.
          a represents red to green.Positive values indicate red and negative values for green.
          b represents yellow to green.Positive values indicate yellow and negative values for blue.
          For example, if the products’ color value is  L:22.75,A:22.58,B:13.83.
          Its represents white is 22.75. Red is 22.58, and yellow 13.83.


          During the measurement, the first measurement is for target, the second measurement is for getting delta E value which is also called color difference value. The difference is the value of the measured product minus the sample value, the brightness difference △L, red and green difference △A and yellow and blue difference △B.
          The formula is:
          △L = L sample-L standard (brightness difference)
          △a = a sample-a standard (red / green difference)
          △b = b sample-b standard (yellow / blue difference)
          △L + too much white, △L- too much black
          △a + too much red, △a- too much green
          △b + too much yellow, △b- too much blue
          △L *, △a *, △B * is the difference of brightness L * and chromaticity value a * and b * between the target and sample. 
          △E represents color difference value, the calculation method and the brightness difference △L, red and green difference △A, yellow and blue difference △B have a relationship.
          The formula is:
          △E=[(△L)+(△a)+(△b)]1/2
          Customers are mainly based on the △E, brightness difference △L, red and green difference △A and yellow and blue difference △B for color matching and adjusting.
          △L is positive, indicates that the measured product is brighter than the sample, negative indicates the measured product is darker than the sample;
          △A is a positive value, indicates the measured product is much more red than the sample, negative value indicates that the measured product is much more green than the sample;
          △B is a positive value, indicates the measured product is much more yellow than the sample, negative value indicates that the measured product is much more blue than the sample; 
          LCH color space, L is brightness, c is Chroma, H is Hue. Brightness, Chroma and hue are the three basic properties of color.
          RGB color space, R is red, G is green, B is blue. This color space is most commonly used in the printing industry.
          XYZ color space, XYZ value analysis the color according to the object surface reflection characteristics and degree.

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